The Top Benevolent and Malevolent Dictators From History. Don't miss out on great deals for things to do on your trip to Bogotá! Take a virtual tour of Colombia from home. Remove Ads Advertisement. It was the religious capital of the ancient Muisca people and a site for the production of fine metalwork. What a lot of Indian wisdom! Known in Spanish as “Laguna de Guatavita”, the lake is found just 30 minutes away from the small town of Guatavita. For the natives, the value of gold was not economic, but a means to come closer to their gods. When the European invaders saw this ritual, many were said to have fallen into a “Gold Fever”, a case where they would be simply desperate to collect more gold. (function(){for(var g="function"==typeof Object.defineProperties?Object.defineProperty:function(b,c,a){if(a.get||a.set)throw new TypeError("ES3 does not support getters and setters. This lake is also known as Laguna de Guatavita and it is a beautiful natural reserve located in the northeast of Bogota. It is difficult to do anything but relax while visiting the wonderful Lake Guatavita. If you don’t speak very good Spanish, this is the recommended route of travel. And the recovery of priceless pieces is evident. Read the reviews of your fellow travelers. When driving, it takes about one hour to reach the climbing trail to the lake from the capital city Bogota. Guatavita, the new town built in the sixties, is an architectural heritage site classified in the categories of family and civil buildings. Lake Guatavita (Spanish: Laguna de Guatavita ), Cundinamarca, Colombia. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. De eerdere … The Muisca people were spread over what is now known as the Andes of Colombia. The Lake Guatavita is a mystic, peaceful and perfect circle of water. Lake Guatavita (Spanish: Laguna Guatavita) is located in the Cordillera Oriental of the Colombian Andes in the municipality of Sesquilé in the Almeidas Province, Cundinamarca department of Colombia, 57 km (35 mi) northeast of Bogotá, the capital of Colombia. The story came to the ears of the Spaniards, who organized expeditions to take the precious jewels our ancestors had ingeniously created over the course of many years. This makes it a very reachable attraction for tourists and travelers. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may … Previously it was debated whether the crater was caused by a comet or by volcanic runoff, but recent studies have shown that it is actually a sink-hole, caused by the erosion of the salt deposits below the surface of the water. During a leisurely stroll, it is easy to find data that brings visitors closer to the facts, whether because they are inscribed in buildings or written in documents, or because there are well-informed guides and locals who are happy to transmit information on the events. Located in the Andes of Colombia, around 56 kilometers from the bustling capital city of Bogota, is the beautiful Lake Guatavita. Lake of Guatavita, also known as Laguna de Guatavita, is a beautiful natural reserve located just two hours outside of Bogotá. After draining Gonzolo and his financiers of their resources, about 3,000 pesos worth of gold were recovered from the lake, worth about $100,000 today. There is a free tour available for travelers, which is greatly informative but only available in Spanish. All the precious golden offerings he carried were thrown into the lake and he was now officially declared the new ruler of the Muisca people. What an ambition for conquering! History of Lake Guatavita. The zipa used to cover the chief's body in gold dust, and from his raft, he offered treasures to the Guatavita goddess in the middle of the sacred lake. If you can understand a little Spanish or can travel with someone who can, we recommend taking the tour for a more detailed and comprehensive history. After being covered in gold, he would immerse himself in the water with treasures offered in adoration. Thus, we have that the ingenuity of Muisca ancestors to work gold and turn it into sacred figures is true, just as the looting of many treasures by the conquistadors. South America - Colombia´s Lake Guatavita and the search for El Dorado - Guatavita is a small green lake set in a crater in the hills north … The Spaniards attempted to drain the lake several times. You’ll pass wildlife and plant life on your way up that are unique to the Colombian Andes, and you’ll see the beautiful flatlands of the country on your way up. After throwing the treasures into the lake as a symbol of adoration, he would immerse himself in the water. 20 Jan 2021. From prices and availability to skip-the-line options and mobile tickets, get all the information you need to make the most of your trip to Colombia. D. It borders Sesquilé and Machetá in the north, Gachetá and Junín in the east, Guasca in the south and in the west are Tocancipá and Gachancipá. To get to the lake, travelers will need to climb the small hill that it sits in. Guatavita: Village and Lake, History and True Legend, Mompox Filigree: The best precious metalwork in Colombia, Discover the ultimate bucket list of the best tourist attractions in Colombia, Three Colombian beaches where you can completely switch off. Ancient History Encyclopedia. He assembled many Indians and set them to work, laboriously cutting a trench through which to drain the water. Research has confirmed without a doubt that Lake Guatavita was one of Muisca people sacred lakes, and was the site for an extremely sacred tradition, which, when viewed by European invaders, would change the course of life forever for the people of the Americas. Guatavita is a municipality and town of Colombia in the Guavio Province of the department of Cundinamarca. The Muisca people were one of the four major groups in pre-colonial Americas, alongside the Aztecs, Incas and the Mayas. Colombian Lake Holds Secret of El Dorado Legend Reuters ^ | September 19, 2002 | Ibon Villelabeitia Posted on 09/21/2002 6:43:36 AM PDT by Tancred. Copyright © PROCOLOMBIA, Exports Tourism Investment, Country Brand. This ritual is where the myth of El Dorado was conceived. When I went to see Guatavita Lake I had no idea about it`s history other than it was where the gold raft from the Museo Del Oro went to throw offerings during the Muisca reign in the region. Official Tourism Website of the Republic of Colombia. Lake Guatavita is found at 3000 meters in altitude. (e in b)&&0=b[e].o&&a.height>=b[e].m)&&(b[e]={rw:a.width,rh:a.height,ow:a.naturalWidth,oh:a.naturalHeight})}return b}var C="";u("pagespeed.CriticalImages.getBeaconData",function(){return C});u("pagespeed.CriticalImages.Run",function(b,c,a,d,e,f){var r=new y(b,c,a,e,f);x=r;d&&w(function(){window.setTimeout(function(){A(r)},0)})});})();pagespeed.CriticalImages.Run('/mod_pagespeed_beacon','https://colombia.travel/en/blog/guatavita-village-and-lake-history-and-true-legend','2L-ZMDIrHf',true,false,'m48oI7QI3iw'); Be amazed by the colonial architecture of the town. Besides the famous legend, there are several other reasons for considering this tour of the savanna of Bogotá: splendid scenery right at the edge of the road, picturesque towns, and ecological reserves that release oxygen into the environment. They lowered its level enough to find hundreds of pieces of gold along the lake's edge. There is Guatavita, the present town - white, colonial, and a tourist attraction. It was a sacred place to the indigenous Muisca people, and their golden offerings led to whisperings of a lost city of treasure that took thousands of men … Vertalen. It was a sacred tradition for the King of the Muisca to be covered from head to toe in gold dust. The gold they took was a lot and very heavy; very little has been recovered. A HOP-ON, HOP-OFF BUS SERVICE CONNECTING COLOMBIA – ALL ENQUIRIES (BOOKING, INFO, PRESS). You might want to read: Discover the ultimate bucket list of the best tourist attractions in Colombia. The best time to visit the Lake depends a lot on the type of experience you wish to have. Lake Guatavita was an incredibly important place for the Muisca people. Guatavita is a gorgeous town with two well-known bodies of water: the Tominé Dam (Embalse de Tominé), which is right next to the town, and Lake Guatavita (Laguna de Guatavita), which is about 20 minutes away.Lake Guatavita, the topic of this blog post, used to be the central part of an indigenous ritual that occurred when a new Chieftain (Cacique) was put in place. At present, some of the treasures of El Dorado are part of collections that the Bank of Republic has recovered in the course of more than sixty years and exhibits in the halls of the Gold Museum in Bogotá; among them, the renowned Muisca Raft that stages the pinnacle of Indian rites on the waters of Guatavita. Skip to comments. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 07 Jul 2016. Guatavita is located 75 km northeast of the capital Bogotá. The lake has a very rich history and has many legends surrounding it. Wear comfortable shoes, pack bug spray, sunscreen, and a hat that will protect you. When the phrase “El Dorado” was first used, it referred to an individual, not a city: in fact, El Dorado translates into “the gilded man.” In the highlands of present-day Colombia, the Muisca people had a tradition where their king would cover himself in gold dust and jump into Lake Guatavitá, from which he would emerge clean. Before pointing out the details of the story that took place on the waters of the lake, it is worth explaining that the present municipality of Guatavita, is a 42-year-old architectural complex created to replace the old town, which was submerged by the Tominé Reservoir, a masterly work of infrastructure that generates electric power for nearby localities and a substantial amount of Bogota’s water. //]]>. 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