(1998). Chinese Medicine Uses: The herb is used for edema, chronic malaria, dysmenorrhea and carbuncles. At any rate, they are two completely different plants. It was widely cultivated as a medicinal herb in medieval gardens and has escaped often. The underside has fine whitish hair with longer hair on the main veins. It may be dried and stored in a cool, dark, place for use in teas but it will not have the potency of fresh Blue Vervain. No need to bend over to see this tall beauty! The flowers can be tossed on top of a salad and eaten. Health Benefits of Blue Vervain. Blue Vervain Dosage: Infusion – Pour a cup of boiling water onto 1 – 3 tsp. This article is copyrighted by Ital is Vital, 2020. Seed: Fertile flowers produce dry nutlets that are 4-sided, about 4mm long and hold very small (1.5 to 2mm) oblong reddish brown seeds. And of course, being the only member of its genus in much of its range, it is also simply known as "vervain" locally. Ads are what helps us bring you premium content! However, the scientific name of this well-known herb is Verbena hastata and is also known by the name swamp verbena. blue vervain swamp verbena This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … Details Here. Above: 1st photo - Note that branching occurs only near the top of the stem. The information provided here are for educational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Nervine Tonic (Nerves, Reproductive Problems and more), HERBS FOR CLEANSING AND PURIFYING THE BLOOD, Hyssopus Officinalis is Effective In Vitro Replication of Herpes Simplex Virus, Zataria Multiflora Shown To Have Significant Inhibitory Effect on HSV-1, “Gypsy” Mushrooms Found to have Antiviral Properties (Including Herpes Simplex 1 and 2), Dr Sebi’s Iron Plus – How To Make Your Own, Promotion of estrogen and progesterone receptor binding. Also called Herb of Grace, Herb of the Cross and Swamp Verbena, this water-loving perennial reputedly invokes protection from snakes and other misfortune if worn or carried as a charm. A significant number of active constituents of Blue Vervain have been identified, including: adenosine, aucubin, beta-carotene, caffeic-acid, citral, hastatoside, lupeol, ursolic-acid, verbenalin and verbenin. Scientific Name: Verbena officinalis, Labiatae ; Blue Vervain ... Blue Vervain, a variety of Common Vervain, is indigenous to the United States and North America. 2nd photo - The calyx of the flower tube is hairy with five pointed lobes that have violet tips. The alternate common name of Swamp Vervain refers to a common habitat of this plant being stream and pond banks. Blue Vervain Capsules. It is also used externally as a gargle for cold symptoms and for diseases of the oral and pharyngeal cavity. Blue Vervain is flowering plant that produces purple flowers even in the drought season. Blue vervain is a flowering plant that belongs to the vervain family, Verbenaceae. Scientific Name: Verbena Hastata L., Verbenaceae, Verbena Family Common Uses: Sore throat, Asthma, Whooping cough, Chest pain, Abscesses, Burns, Colds, Arthritis, Itching, *Warnings: Verbena seems to be safe for most people when used in small amounts as part of a combination product containing gentian root, elderflower, sorrel, and cowslip flower (SinuComp, Sinupret). Traditionally, Blue Vervain has been used for depression, over enthusiasm, melancholia, hysteria, generalised seizures, cholecystalgia, jaundice, early stages of fever, and specifically for depression and debility of convalescence after fevers, especially influenza. Both are considered interchangeable in their properties. DISCLAIMER: THIS WEBSITE DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE Tinctures can be made from the fresh plant. Flowers open individually on the densely packed spike from bottom to top with only a few open at one time on each spike. There are many blue vervain medicinal uses and you will learn them all here. English: blue vervain; Brazilian vervain; common verbena; seashore vervain I found these plants growing on the banks of Pandapas Pond in June and July in Montgomery County, Virginia. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Leaves can be made into a tea or tossed into salads, soups, etc. The author name for the plant classification, 'L.' Stems are green to greenish-red, with 4 angles and occasionally with fine hair. The common name "blue vervain" is also sometimes used, but also refers to V. hastata. However, the scientific name of this well-known herb is Verbena hastata and is also known by the name swamp verbena. It is found throughout the lower 48 states and in the lower Canadian Provinces except Alberta. 2nd photo - The individual flowers open from the bottom to the top of the spike. Notes: Blue Vervain is indigenous to the Garden; Eloise Butler catalogued it on Sept, 6, 1907. Further details are listed at the bottom of the page. Martha Crone listed it on her 1951 Garden Census. Liquid extract: Take 2 to 4 ml daily. Non-scientific names: Class of name: Medicinal plant references: american vervain: Other: GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999) U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016) blue … Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions. Also 3 other species that are known historically only, with some question as to whether they ever were found here. #5) in her study of the Minnesota Chippewa reports their usage of the dried flowers as "snuffed" to cure nosebleed. #7) states that the name vervain is derived from the Celtic ferfaen, that is from fer (to drive away) and from faen (a stone). is for Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778), Swedish botanist and the developer of the binomial nomenclature of modern taxonomy. Habitat: Blue Vervain is found in moist places - stream banks, pond edges, meadows and moist prairies. It requires full sun and a loamy soil. The Romans called it verbena and used it to treat a variety of illnesses. Visit our guidelines. The genus Stachytarpheta contains about 65 species, mostly from the American tropics; many are weedy throughout the tropics and subtropics. No information is available on chromosome numbers of Stachytarpheta spp. Common Name: Blue Vervain: Scientific name: Verbena Hastata: Bloom Time: Mid-Summer, July/August: Bloom Duration: Long, 4 weeks or more: Color: Dark Blue / Purple: Bloom Size: Tall spiked flowers at the top of the plant. Planting history generally from 1, 4 & 4a. PDR for Herbal Medicines by Joerg Gruenwald, PhD etal. It has purple flowers and simple leaves with double-serrate margins. Blue Vervain. Detoxify the Body: One of the oldest and most reliable uses of blue vervain is as a diuretic, as it stimulates the release of urine from the body. It is also known as simpler's joy or holy herb, or more ambiguously as "mosquito plant" or "wild hyssop". Lower leaves up to seven inches long. The inflorescence is a loosely branched terminal cluster with many flower spikes (a panicle). See the photo below. (Moore) Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Family Name: CompositaeIntroduction. Verbena gentryi Moldenke; Verbena longifolia M. Martens & Galeotti; International Common Names. Text and photos are by G. D. Bebeau unless otherwise credited. These nutlet pods are twice the size of those of White Vervain, V. urticifolia. Below: The seed pods are 4-angled and only 4mm long, each containing 4 of the brown oblong 4-sided 2mm long seeds. (Ref. It is a tall plant, with branching stems and clusters of small, purple flowers from June through to October. The plant with the scientific name “Verbena hastata” is very strong against natural hardness, it is resistant to life in dry climates so it is regarded as a reliable herb. Occasionally, there are two lobes present at the base of the leaves. They need at least 30 days of cold stratification and light for germination. The older physicians used the root primarily, which they considered stronger. In Minnesota it is native to and has been found in most counties throughout the state with only a few scattered exceptions, one metro exception being Dakota County. of the dried leaves and steep for 10 -15 minutes. See Reference List for details. Throughout North America, you can find small patches of purple flowering plants commonly known as blue vervain. Blue Vervain Scientific name : Verbena hastata is the North American species used, Verbana officinalis is the European species. Vervain, or Verbena as it can be known, is native to South East Europe and was likely introduced here in Neolithic times, so has been long naturalised. It has a slender, upright form with reddish-green coloured, rough-haired stems. White Vervain, V. urticifolia, has similar, but much smaller white flowers and a spreading loose inflorescence of many wildly spreading spikes. The scientific name of blue vervain is Verbena hastata and it is also known by other names like … Distribution principally from W1, W2 and 28C. Harvest the aerial parts in full flower. Upper leaves are smaller. Infusion: Take 2 to 4 gm up to 3 times per day. Blue vervain grows 2 to 5 feet tall! 2nd photo - The underside is paler color with many fine hair, especially on the veins and ribs. Intricate vein pattern. Thank you! The American Blue Vervain (V. hastata) is a perennial native to the northern US and Canada. Below: 1st photo - The individual flowers form 5 outward spreading lobes from the corolla. The reproductive parts are all enclosed in the corolla tube. Blue Vervain is a perennial wildflower species that grows about 1.5 m in height. In early times the plant was used for afflictions of the bladder. Verbena officinalis is the scientific name of vervain, while blue vervain is Verbena hastata. The individual flowers have blue to violet colored corollas (sometimes whitish) forming a tube; they are quite small, 1/8 to 1/4 inch wide, 5-parted; the calyx of the flower tube is hairy with five pointed lobes that have violet tips; and the petals have rounded lobes spreading outward when the flower opens. Verbena is a genus in the family Verbenaceae. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment and before undertaking a new health care regimen, and never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website. (PDR) The extant Verbenas are: V. hastata, Blue or Swamp Vervain; V. simplex, Narrow-leaved Vervain; V. stricta, Hoary Vervain; V. urticifolia, White Vervain; and V. bracteata, Large-bracted Vervain. Common name: Blue Vervain Scientific name: Verbena hastata Dimensions: Flower: 1/8" (3mm) wide Plant height: 1-6' (30-180 cm) Blooming period: July-September Habitat: Damp thickets, wet meadows, shorelines and roadsides Description: Branching spikes of numerous small 5-petaled flowers that bloom a few at a time. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Throughout North America, you can find small patches of purple flowering plants commonly known as blue vervain. The 5-petaled, violet-blue flowers of blue vervain are borne on unique branching spikes. Common Name Blue Vervain (Swamp Vervain) Scientific Name Verbena hastata L. Plant Family Verbena (Verbenaceae) These plants are quite robust and are able to resist drought, making them very reliable sources of this powerful herb. Seeds are extremely small and light, about 93,000 per ounce. Other sources by specific reference. She also lists many medicinal uses. Verbena was the Roman name for altar plants in general and in particular V. officinalis. Lower leaves will usually have a lobe at the base facing outward like the halberd of a sword handle. Vervain should not be used during pregnancy. Blue vervain had many uses in First Nation’s culture as food and medicine. Please support this website by adding us to your whitelist in your ad blocker. The information, including but not limited to, text, graphics, images and other material contained on this website are for informational purposes only. The verbena family is widely used in medicine, around the world. Blue Vervain is most potent when used fresh. Lore: Mrs. Grieve (Ref. Verbena hastata, commonly called blue vervain, is a Missouri native perennial which commonly occurs in wet meadows, wet river bottomlands, stream banks, slough peripheries, fields and waste areas throughout the State except for the Ozark region where it is uncommon (Steyermark). The plant grows up to five feet in height and produces blue flowers, hence its name. Blue Vervain gets its name from the Celtic word ferfaen, which means “to drive away” (fer) and “stone” (faen). Verbena officinalis commonly known as common vervain, common verbena, simpler’s joy, holy herb, or mosquito plant, wild hyssop, blue vervain, Vervain, Herb of the cross, Prostrate verbena, Enchanter’s Plant, Juno’s Tears, Pigeon’s Grass, Pigeon weed, Herb of Grace, Iron-weed, Wild Verbena, and Indian Hyssop is a perennial herbaceous plant native to Europe, North Africa and Western Asia. Verbena affinis M. Martens & Galeotti; Verbena approximata Briq. Flowering herb: Standard Infusion, 2-5 ounces, to 3 times a day. The plant is native to wet meadows, wet river bottomlands, stream banks, slough peripheries, fields and waste areas of Americas, the Mediterranean region and the Near East. Source Though it is mostly found in North America, it has been used for its medicinal properties throughout the world and ages. Friends of the Wild Flower Garden, Inc. Preferred Scientific Name. blue vervain; Other Scientific Names. The purpose of this website is to promote broad consumer understanding and knowledge of various health topics. Blue vervain, Verbena hastata. The root can be collected all year round. It contains about 250 species of annual and perennial herbaceous or semi-woody flowering plants. A total aqueous extract of the aerial parts of Vervain hastata was found to have sedative properties in experiments involving male rats. Its leaves are oppositely arranged, lance-shaped, and on short petioles with large serrations along the edge. Herbal Materia Medica by Michael Moore The latter is the introduction. However, the primary parts used used medicinally by modern herbalists are the aerial parts of the plant. Habitat types: A (Avian/Birds); B (Butterflies); H (Hummingbirds); P (Pollinators/Bees) Scientific name: Verbena hastate Bloom Period: July/September Height: 3-6 feet Soil Type: Wet to moist soils Habitat: B Sun: Full sun to part shade Michigan Native: Yes. OTHER NAME(S): Blue Vervain, Common Verbena, Common Vervain, Eisenkraut, Enchanter's Plant, European Vervain, Herb of Grace, Herb of the Cross, Herba … Other common names: False Vervain Other scientific names: Verbena paniculata, Verbena pinnatifida French names: Vervaine hastée Family: Vervain Family (Verbenaceae) Group: Vervains Flowers: Summer; Blue/Violet; 5 parts (petals) Leaves: Opposite/Whorled, Simple, Toothed Height: 75-100 cm (29-39 in) Habitat: Fields and Open Areas, Wet Areas This is an American member which was used by the Native Americans and adopted by the Colonial physicians. It is not aggressive. Want to re-post this article? Identification booklet for most of the flowering forbs and small flowering shrubs of the Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden. Blue vervain appears to be safe if there are no concomitant conditions that warrant caution. There can be auxiliary flower stalks rising from the upper leaf axils. The active phyto-constituents of blue vervain are adenosine, aucubin, beta-carotene, caffeic-acid, citral, hastatoside, lupeol, ursolic-acid, verbenalin, verbenin.Researchers have discovered many therapeutic activities of these constituents including cellular apoptosis or anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, astringent, antispasmodic, diuretic, and anti-parasitic. Verbena officinalis, the common vervain or common verbena, is the type species and native to Europe. Vervain is stated to possess sedative, thymoleptic, antispasmodic, mild diaphoretic and, reputedly, galactogogue properties. There are 4 stamens - 2 pairs of unequal length - with yellowish anthers, and a green style, all not exserted from the corolla. The seed are edible when roasted and is ground into a powder (although they are somewhat bitter to taste). "www.friendsofthewildflowergarden.org". Below: 1st photo - a smaller upper leaf with its short stalk. Homeopathic Uses: The herb is used for bruising and cerebral convulsions. References: Plant characteristics are generally from sources 1A, 32, W2, W3, W7 & W8 plus others as specifically applied. (PDR). Comparisons: The differences between this plant and Hoary Vervain, V. stricta, are that V. stricta has elliptical leaves and long hairs on the stem. This is one of the most important and wonderful herbs on earth and has tremendous healing powers. Densmore (Ref. The flowers are similar but of a different shade of color. Return to -- Site Plan/Archive Index --or-- List of Common Plant Names -- or -- List of Scientific Names -- or --Home Page - - - Back to top. American varieties are found mainly on moist prairies and meadows, low open woodlands, strea… The medicinal parts are the dried aerial parts collected during the flowering season, the fresh, flowering herb, the flowers and the whole fresh plant. Chloroform, methanol and petroleum ether extracts of the aerial parts of vervain have anti-inflammatory activity in vivo as determined using the carrageenan-induced paw oedema model. Herbal Medicines Third Edition by Joanne Barnes, Linda A Anderson, J David Phillipson Blue vervain is a plant that is resistant to drought. #W2). It is used for sore throat, and for diseases of the respiratory tract, such as coughs, asthma and whooping cough, menopausal complaints and irregular menstruation, gout, metabolic disorders, chlorosis and edema. These remain on the stalk until shaken off by the wind. Noteworthy Characteristics. Source(s): botany degree. However, some people incorrectly call V. officinalis blue vervain, so it can get confusing. It grows from a rhizomatous root system. Blue Vervain is a native erect biennial or short-lived perennial that grows to 40 inches tall on square stems with branching near the top. Likely native to the Mediterranean region, vervain grows wild throughout much of Europe and North Africa, as well as in China and Japan. Hope that helps! Tincture [1:5, 60% alcohol] 30-90 drops, to 4 times a day. (PDR) Vegetable Capsules 500mg Each ( Dr Sebi Recommended ) What is Blue Vervain? Verbena litoralis Kunth; Preferred Common Name. Three feet with stiff, thin stems and spikes of small lilac flowers the is. With branching stems and clusters of small, purple flowers and a spreading loose inflorescence of many wildly spreading.. Bitter to taste ) of illnesses and medicine top with only a few open at time... 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