It consists of 192 optical modules. [34][65], At least 18 species of sponges occur in the lake,[66] including 14 species from the endemic family Lubomirskiidae (the remaining are from the nonendemic family Spongillidae). These long-finned, translucent fish typically live in open water at depths of 100–500 m (330–1,640 ft), but occur both shallower and much deeper. Later that year on 13 January 2010, Russian Federation President Vladimir Putin introduced changes in the legislation legalising the operation of the plant; this action brought about a wave of protests from ecologists and local residents. This list contains all lakes whose maximum depth is reliably known to exceed 400 metres … [60][61] The endemic bivalves are mainly found in shallows, with few species from deep water. [25] Baikal is rich in oxygen, even in deep sections,[25] which separates it from distinctly stratified bodies of water such as Lake Tanganyika and the Black Sea. Somewhat crescent shaped, it is in the southern Siberia area of Russia. [30] After the surface ice breaks up, the surface water is slowly warmed up by the sun, and in May–June, the upper 300 m (980 ft) or so becomes homothermic (same temperature throughout) at around 4 °C (39 °F) because of water mixing. Of the many utterly breathtaking lakes throughout the world, perhaps the most impressive is located in the isolated Russian region of Siberia. An early known tribe in the area was the Kurykans. The bottom of the lake is 1,186.5 m (3,893 ft) below sea level, but below this lies some 7 km (4.3 mi) of sediment, placing the rift floor some 8–11 km (5.0–6.8 mi) below the surface, the deepest continental rift on Earth. In addition, transverse winds blow locally and over shorter distances. 9 of the World’s Deepest Lakes Crater Lake (1,943 feet [592 meters]). [28] During this period, the temperature slowly increases with depth in the lake, being coldest near the ice-covered surface at around freezing, and reaching about 3.5–3.8 °C (38.3–38.8 °F) at a depth of 200–250 m (660–820 ft). What's the Difference Between a Solstice and an Equinox? [34] Except for Ulothrix, there are endemic Baikal species in all these green algae genera. [66] While the Baikalospongia species typically have encrusting or carpet-like structures, L. baikalensis often has branching structures and in areas where common may form underwater "forests". The world’s deepest lake. It is somewhat less than 2,000 feet deep. It's a natural lake located in Sorowako area in South Sulawesi province with unique natural diversity. The Caspian Sea, which lies between the Caucasus Mountains and the Central Asian Steppe, is the largest fully enclosed body of water on Earth and the world’s largest salt lake, stretching nearly 750 miles (1,200 km) from north to south and having an average width of 200 miles (320 km). 1. Озеро Байкал. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Part of the Fraser River located in British Columbia, Quesnel Lake is a glacial lake. [59] About 30 freshwater snail species can be seen deeper than 100 m (330 ft), which represents the approximate limit of the sunlight zone, but only 10 are truly deepwater species. [8] It is among the world's clearest[9] lakes and is the world's oldest lake,[10] at 25–30 million years. [73] Little was known to Europeans about the lake until Russia expanded into the area in the 17th century. Next spring, he tried to occupy Nerchensk, but was forced by his men to join Stephanov on the Amur. But modern commercial fishing practices, introduced in the 1950s, have contributed to the problem of overfishing in recent decades. Crater Lake is the deepest lake in the United States and is officially 1,949 feet in depth. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 8(3): 415–22. [71], Located in the former northern territory of the Xiongnu confederation, Lake Baikal is one site of the Han–Xiongnu War, where the armies of the Han dynasty pursued and defeated the Xiongnu forces from the second century BC to the first century AD. [90] Baikal has always been popular in Russia and CIS-countries, but for the last few years[when?] Fault-controlled accommodation zones rising to depths about 300 m (980 ft) separate the basins. [87] During this season ice depth increases up to 140 centimeters, that allows safe vehicle driving on the ice cover (except heavy vehicles, such as tourist buses, that do not take this risk). [39][40], Fewer than 65 native fish species occur in the lake basin, but more than half of these are endemic. Two of these songs are well known in Russia and its neighboring countries, such as Japan. For the quality of service and comfort from the visitor's point of view, Lake Baikal still has a long way to go. At 5,387 feet (1,642 meters) deep and with a surface area of 12,248 square miles (31,722 square kilometers) it is the deepest lake in the world and the seventh largest by surface area. [25], Lake Baikal as seen from the OrbView-2 satellite. Lake Baikal has been celebrated in several Russian folk songs. This is the world’s second largest fresh water lake as well as the second deepest lake. [12] At some locations, hydrothermal vents with water that is about 50 °C (122 °F) have been found. Its … Crater Lake in the Cascade Range, southwestern Oregon. [67] In the nearshore regions of Baikal, the largest benthic biomass is sponges. [106] Transneft agreed to alter its plans when Russian president Vladimir Putin ordered the company to consider an alternative route 40 kilometers (25 mi) to the north to avoid such ecological risks. 14 Significant Paintings at Nationalmuseum in Sweden. Lake Baikal, Russia. Crater Lake, in Crater Lake National Park in Oregon, is one example. The thickness of the ice on the road is about 60 cm (24 in), maximum capacity allowed – 10 t (9.8 long tons; 11 short tons); it is open to the public from 9 am to 6 pm. It was done first by following the Angara River upstream from Yeniseysk (founded 1619) and later by moving south from the Lena River. [33], Submerged macrophytic vascular plants are mostly absent, except in some shallow bays along the shores of Lake Baikal. [78], In July 2008, Russia sent two small submersibles, Mir-1 and Mir-2, to descend 1,592 m (5,223 ft) to the bottom of Lake Baikal to conduct geological and biological tests on its unique ecosystem. [35] It is one of only three entirely freshwater seal populations in the world, the other two being subspecies of ringed seals. The vast majority of those species belong to the cichlid family. The ice itself has a transparency of one meter depth, having different patterns of crevasses, bubbles, and sounds. The total volume of water in the lake is approximately 5,660 cubic miles (23,615 cubic kilometers). Search Results. [117] [23] The main ones draining directly into Baikal are the Selenga, the Barguzin, the Upper Angara, the Turka, the Sarma, and the Snezhnaya. [107] Transneft has since decided to move the pipeline away from Lake Baikal, so that it will not pass through any federal or republic natural reserves. At 5,387 feet (1,642 meters) deep and with a surface area of 12,248 square miles (31,722 square kilometers) it is the deepest lake in the world and the seventh largest by surface area. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 195, 281–298, 2003. In 1628, Pyotr Beketov first encountered a group of Buryats and collected yasak (tribute) from them at the future site of Bratsk. This body of water is both the largest and deepest lake in the world and measures 1,642 metres deep, while it contains around 20% of the unfrozen fresh surface water in the world. Here are the 50 lakes we have listed within USA > South > Florida - compared by Deepest Lakes.. [26][27], In Lake Baikal, the water temperature varies significantly depending on location, depth, and time of the year. Skipping over state and country borders, Lake Superior, the largest, deepest, coldest, cleanest, least developed, and most pristine of the Great Lakes, reigns as the largest freshwater lake in the world by surface area. Lake Baikal is nicknamed "Older sister of Sister Lakes (Lake Khövsgöl and Lake Baikal)".[120]. Lake Baikal is in a rift valley, created by the Baikal Rift Zone, where the Earth's crust is slowly pulling apart. The world's deepest lake is Lake Baikal in Russia. An oil platform in the Caspian Sea near Baku, Azerbaijan. [89], Olkhon's most-populated village Khuzhir is an ecotourist destination. It was formed 25 million years ago through the planet’s diverging crust. As the oldest freshwater lake in the world, it has been around for more than 20 million years. How the seals’ ancestors arrived in Lake Baikal remains a mystery, since the lake lies hundreds of miles inland. INTAS Project 99-1669. King, M.I. Recreational lakes and reservoirs at Lakelubbers. The lake is 113 miles long and 37 miles wide. 2. The Caspian Sea is also 1,025 metres deep, making it the third deepest lake in the world. Their primitive sounding device … [113], According to The Moscow Times and Vice, an increasing number of an invasive species of algae thrives in the lake from hundreds of tons of liquid waste, including fuel and excrement, regularly disposed into the lake by tourist sites, and up to 25,000 tons of liquid waste are disposed of every year by local ships. Visitors to the lake are struck by the lake’s unusually deep blue color, which is due to the lake’s depth and the clarity of the water, which holds very little sediment because it mostly comes from rainfall. Owing to increasing temperatures ice starts to melt and becomes shallow and fragile, especially in places with strong under-ice flows. Lake Baikal also happens to be around 25 million years old, making it the world’s oldest lake. The World's Deepest Lakes At 1,943 feet (592 meters), Crater Lake is the deepest lake in the United States and one of the deepest in the world. ; and N.M. Pronin (2013). [citation needed], In 1638, Perfilyev crossed from the Angara over the Ilim portage to the Lena River and went downstream as far as Olyokminsk. Until recently, biological activity in the lake had been a mystery, since there had been no way to collect samples or place sensors beneath the ice. [111], An enrichment center was constructed in the 2010s. Nerchinsk was destroyed by the local Tungus, but restored in 1658. These are mostly in deep water but locally have also been found in relatively shallow water. Like other lakes on this list, Baikal is home to a large number of animal and plant species that cannot be found anywhere else. [30], The average surface temperature has risen by almost 1.5 °C (2.7 °F) in the last 50 years, resulting in a shorter period where the lake is covered by ice. A 640kyr geomagnetic and paleoclimatic record from Lake Baikal sediments. [72] The Kurykans, a Siberian tribe who inhabited the area in the sixth century, gave it a name that translates to "much water". The northern third of the Caspian is remarkably shallow, with an average depth of about 20 feet (6 meters). It was their position that it was also necessary to preserve endemic species of local biota, and to maintain the area around Lake Baikal as a recreation zone. [citation needed], In 1644, Ivan Pokhabov went up the Angara to Baikal, becoming perhaps the first Russian to use this route, which is difficult because of the rapids. The decision to construct the plant on the Lake Baikal resulted in strong protests from Soviet scientists; according to them, the ultra-pure water of the lake was a significant resource and should have been used for innovative chemical production (for instance, the production of high-quality viscose for the aeronautics and space industries). (Listvyanka, Ust-Barguzin). The Great Slave Lake, in Canada’s Northwest Territories, is named after a group of Athabascan-speaking Indians called the Slave or Slavey. ; Kamaltynov, R.M. [74], Russian expansion into the Buryat area around Lake Baikal[75] in 1628–58 was part of the Russian conquest of Siberia. [52][54], Similar to another ancient lake, Tanganyika, Baikal is a center for ostracod diversity. Although originally reported as being successful, they did not set a world record for the deepest freshwater dive, reaching a depth of only 1,580 m (5,180 ft). [63], More than 140 endemic flatworm (Plathelminthes) species are in Lake Baikal, where they occur on a wide range of bottom types. According to folktales related a century after the fact, in 1623, Demid Pyanda, who may have been the first Russian to reach the Lena, crossed from the upper Lena to the Angara and arrived at Yeniseysk. Largest saline lake in the lake Siberia area of Russia looked down on all the region.! 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The area smoked, and then sold widely in markets around the southwestern end of Baikal... A number of ill-documented expeditions explored eastward from Krasnoyarsk, but it isn ’ t the deepest breathtaking! Endemic sponge Lubomirskia baikalensis: structure and organization of the world ’ s fresh!

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