The leaves are eaten by caterpillars of moths, including the magpie, spindle ermine and scorched, as well as the holly blue butterfly. Return to Land Gallery. Download royalty-free Fruit of european spindle tree stock photo 31165275 from Depositphotos collection of millions of premium high-resolution stock photos, vector images and illustrations. Identified in winter by: the vivid pink fruits which have bright orange seeds. It thrives in chalky soils and is less common in Scotland. Birds are attracted to the fruit and tend to spread them freely to the point this plant has become weedy and invasive in some areas. Euonymus / juːˈɒnɪməs / is a genus of flowering plants in the staff vine family, Celastraceae. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Spindle is not a particularly well known wood. Often simply called the spindle tree, it has other common names including European euonymus, prick timber, prickwood, … Spindle (Euonymus europaeus) is a large, vigorous, deciduous shrub or small tree with oval leaves and distinctive, colorful fruits. - spindle berries stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Pink and Orange Flowers of Spindle Tree. A non-profit-making company limited by guarantee. Use enter to activate. They turn a rich orange-red before falling in autumn. This plant is most often known as the European spindle tree, a name that comes from the fact that the stems are hard and at one time were sharpened into weaving spindles. It produces small yellowish-green, … November. It has small flowers which grow in clusters in May and June. Appearance . Over 70 species found in the UK, from all the native trees to the common non-natives. Woodland Trust (Enterprises) Limited, registered in England (No. buds : The leaves of Euonymus europaea are simple, opposite, unlobed and finely toothed. White seeds coated in orange flesh and pink capsules distinguish this plant from other Euonymus species. bark. The following menu has 3 levels. Requires well drained soil. After pollination, flowers develop into bright pink fruits with bright orange seeds, which look a bit like popcorn. Industrious, delicate, colourful. Registered office: Kempton Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. The European spindle tree (E. europaeus), which grows to 6 metres (20 feet), keeps its poisonous pink and orange fruits after the leaves fall. Spindle-tree is an European species of euonymus with attractive fall color and interesting seed capsules. Shutterstock. 1 General Description. Discover our recent challenges and successes and how you can help. This is small but interesting and appears as a shrubs particularly on the chalk downs and locally on lime-rich soils. European spindle-tree Family: Celastraceae: tree. An upright narrow shrub or tree reaching 12 to 25 feet high and 10 to 20 feet wide becoming more rounded with age. Image of fruit, pink, nature - 30702652 Its fruits are a similar shape to popcorn. It is moderately threatening to native communities. The seeds of Euonymus europaeus are dormant and need to be ‘stratified’ (exposed to cold, damp conditions) to trigger them into growth. Bob Gibbons/ FLPA / European Spindle (Euonymus europaeus) with fruit, Saxon village area, Transylvania, Romania / 80077713 branch. 294344) and in Scotland (No. This plant yields attractive, showy pink to reddish capsules that open to reveal orange seeds. The strange fruits of the spindle tree should be collected during October when they are pink. VAT No. Spindle is an ancient-woodland indicator. Fruits of spindle tree. Unlike other seasons, fall offers a variety of fruit, some in pink such as the capsules of the European spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus) or berries of some mountain ashes including dwarf mountain ash (Sorbus reducta). Abstract macro close up of fruit and flower of the spindle tree, euonymus europaeus. SC038885). The spindle’s botanical name, Euonymus, is from the Greek ‘eu’, meaning ‘good’ and ‘onoma’, meaning ‘name’. It is found all over Europe in well-lit deciduous forests, and shrub growths along roads. Buds and twigs are angular and green. Sven Zacek / European spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus) covered in pink berries, Varumaa county, Southern Estonia. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Linda Pitkin / Spindle (Euonymus europaeus), fruit, Riddlesdown, Surrey, England, September. Euonymus europaeus is a l arge shrub or small tree that reaches 30 feet in height. Buds and twigs are angular and green. Simple, opposite leaves; oval with finely toothed edges; 1 to 3 inches long; dark green. European Spindle tree European Spindle-tree. The leaves have very short stalks, are opposite in pairs and have minute teeth on the margin. Birds easily spread the seeds; this plant is becoming invasive in some areas. Other articles where European spindle tree is discussed: Euonymus: The European spindle tree (E. europaeus), which grows to 6 metres (20 feet), keeps its poisonous pink and orange fruits after the leaves fall. Facts. European spindletree. Both the leaves and fruit are toxic to humans – the berries having a laxative effect. Identified in winter by: the vivid pink fruits which have bright orange seeds. We have single trees and tree packs to meet your needs, from wildlife to woodfuel. The fruits were once baked and powdered and used to treat head lice or mange in cattle. macro shot of spindle tree (european evonymus) - spindle berries stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. a wild bush with a very curious fruit in its shape and pink color. Registered in England No. In European folklore, an early flowering of the European spindle tree was a sure sign that an outbreak of the plague was on the horizon. Spindle has bright pink fruits with orange seeds. Unlike other seasons, fall offers a variety of fruit, some in pink such as the capsules of the European spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus) or berries of some mountain ashes including dwarf mountain ash (Sorbus reducta). Spindle-tree is an European species of euonymus with attractive fall color and interesting seed capsules. Genus Euonymus can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees, often with fine autumn colour, and small flowers followed by colourful fruits Details E. europaeus is a spreading deciduous shrub to 3m, with narrowly ovate leaves turning yellow or red in autumn, and panicles of small yellow flowers followed by 4-lobed red fruits which split to reveal orange seeds Types of mushroom in the UK: common identification guide, Bats about trees: winter Broadleaf is out now, Five ways to prepare your garden for winter wildlife. Delivery is free. Cases … Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Have tree and plant questions? Foliage. GB520 6111 04. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. It is often planted as a decorative plant in parks. Fall color is variable, from yellow to reddish-purple. It is easily identified in winter by its vivid pink fruits. The growth form is often that of a small tree, or less often a shrub. Opposite, simple, elliptical, 2.5 to 4 inches long, finely serrated, long pointed, green above, paler and may be pubescent below. The leaves also attract aphids and their predators, including hoverflies, ladybirds and lacewings, as well as the house sparrow and other species of bird. These fruits appear on the European spindle tree in the late summer and early fall. Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? a branch of the spindle with a dark background. 1982873. Our future. Our free Tree ID app for Android and iPhone helps you identify the UK's native and non-native trees. The undersides of the leaves are glabrous, unlike the similar E. atropurpureus, which has leaves with pubescent undersides. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Euonymus europaeus . The flowers are a rich source of nectar and pollen for insects such as the St Mark’s fly. Spindle timber is creamy-white, hard and dense. Habitats: Woods, scrub and hedges, usually on calcareous soils[9, 17]. Dogwood (Cornus sanguinea) when the spindle is in leaf. This is said to have meant ‘lucky’. Wildlife loves its leaves and fruit, and aphids flock to it, bringing with them an array of their predators. Spindle may be affected by vine weevil, spider mite and a sap-feeding scale insect, which can cause dieback. Common names vary widely among different species and between different English-speaking countries, but include spindle (or spindle tree ), burning-bush, strawberry-bush, wahoo, wintercreeper, or simply euonymus. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. The spindle is at its loveliest in autumn when its leaves turn russet and its pink and orange fruits ripen. Other names include fusoria, fusanum, ananbeam, shemshad rasmi (Iran), while it may have given its name to the ancient Greek settlement of Euonymeia. Download this stock image: European Spindle Tree (Euonymus europaea), fruits and seeds - XB83HJ from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. 2296645), is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Woodland Trust. Although slender in youth, it typically matures to a rounded form. It has opposite, lanceolate to elliptical leaves with finely serrated edges that are dark green in the summer, turning yellow-green to reddish-purple in the autumn. The fruits were baked and powdered, and used to treat head lice or mange in cattle. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Euonymus europaeus, the spindle, European spindle, or common spindle, is a species of flowering plant in the family Celastraceae, native to much of Europe, where it inhabits the edges of forest, hedges and gentle slopes, tending to thrive on nutrient-rich, chalky and salt-poor soils. 01646700. 1.1 Leaves; 1.2 Flowers; 1.3 Fruit; 2 Habitat; 3 Commercially Available; 4 Look-alikes. 01564169 . Transform your home into a woodland wonderland this Christmas with our easy ideas for festive, foraged home decor. Spindle is hermaphrodite, meaning each flower contains both male and female reproductive parts. Contents. Redcap spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus 'Redcap'):  This cultivar yields a large crop of persistent, bright capsules with orange seeds; the plants medium green leaves turn reddish-purple in the fall. the fruits of a spindle tree, euonymus europaea, growing in the wild. Spindle is a deciduous native tree, and mature trees grow to 9m and can live for more than 100 years. In eastern Europe, gutta-percha resin is extracted from this plant. However, in some areas, it was also thought that if the spindle flowered early, an outbreak of the plague was on the way. Building the urban forest for 2050. It's an A-Z tree guide in your pocket. Its berries are a source of food for birds like starlings. fruit. These burst open when ripe and release white seeds with an orange coating. Euonymus europaeus commonly known as Spindle Tree is native to Europe and Western Asia. It grows, often rapidly, to 12-20’ (less frequently to 30’) tall. This is a shrub or a small tree with an irregular crown. The bark and twigs are deep green, becoming darker with age, and have light brown, corky markings. It bears red pods in the fall, which often attract the attention of children. Go to list of cultivars. Chinese Spindle Tree fruit also known as Euonymus Hamiltonianus Spindle tree and ripe fruits Fantastic spindle tree-euonymus europaeus -detail of the red fruits with bright orange seeds , decorative flowering plant for gardenss Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. The wood is used for pegs and spindles, and several varieties of… … Nick Upton / Spindle tree berries (Euonymus europaeus) with orange seeds visible … Best ornamental features are its showy fall fruit and sometimes superb fall leaf color. This plant has some cultivated varieties. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. No further details. Birds are attracted to the fruit and tend to spread them freely to the point this plant has become weedy and invasive in some areas. It is native to Europe but has been introduced worldwide for ornamental purposes. Cultivated forms of the tree are also grown in gardens for autumn colour. ---Description---The Spindle Tree found in our hedges and copses is a smooth-leaved shrub. Ernie Janes / Spindle (Euonymus europacus) berries. The tiny whitish-green flowers borne on long stalks and the white seeds surrounded by orange flesh distinguish European spindle-tree from other spindle-trees (Euonymus species ). In eastern Europe, gutta-percha resin is extracted from this plant. The oil from the seed was a successful treatment against parasites, lice, and ticks. Flowers have four petals and grow in clusters in May and June, and are pollinated by insects. Just pick them carefully from the tree and store them in paper or cotton bags or in buckets. It is a deciduous shrub or small tree. Keep in touch with the nature you love without having to leave the house. The Woodland Trust is a charity registered in England and Wales (No. The Woodland Trust and Woodland Trust Nature Detectives logos are registered trademarks. Twigs are thin and straight. Spindle is a deciduous native tree, and mature trees grow to 9m and can live for more than 100 years. Spindle-tree is so-named because the very hard wood was formerly used to fashion spindles for spinning wool. If you spot it while you're out exploring, it could be a sign you're standing in a rare and special habitat. Inconspicuous; yellow green flowers with four petals. Its bark is deep green, becoming darker with age. Fantastic spindle tree-euonymus europaeus -detail of the red fruits with bright orange seeds , decorative flowering plant for gardens. Photo about Closeup of the mature fruits of a european spindle tree in late autumn. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. The berries of the tree are not entirely unuseful, however. Fruits: 4-lobed red fruits with orange seeds 2-2.5m Euonymus europaeus Red Fruits and Orange seeds of Euonymus europaeus Euonymus europaeus is a twiggy upright spreading deciduous shrub native to Europe with narrowly ovate leaves which are dark green in … Images of this species: Common look-alikes: Identification. Spindle is native to much of Europe and can be found most commonly on the edges of forests and in hedges, scrub and hedgerows. The European spindle tree, Euonymus europaea, is a deciduous UK-native tree that is most identifiable by its clusters of white flowers that appear in early summer, transforming into vivid pink fruits with bright orange seeds by the autumn, also the time when the leaves turn a spectacular shade of crimson. Range: Europe, including Britain, from Sweden suth and east to Spain, the Caucasus and W. Asia. In the past it was used to make ‘spindles’ for spinning and holding wool (hence its name), as well as skewers, toothpicks, pegs and knitting needles. Closeup of the mature fruits of a european spindle tree in late autumn. Twigs are thin and straight. Download european spindle tree stock photos. European spindle tree is on the watch list in Vermont, meaning the plant has invasive tendencies, but is not yet prohibited. Mature trees can live for over 100 years. Pangium edule fruit. Go to list of cultivars. Spindle tree berries (Euonymus europaeus) with orange seeds visible within splitting capsular fruits, Wiltshire, UK, September. The bark and twigs are deep green, becoming darker with age, and have light brown, corky markings. It bears small greenish-white flowers, in loose clusters, during May and June, followed by an abundance of fruits. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. Images © protected Woodland Trust. Today, spindle timber is used to make high-quality charcoal for artists. euonymus europaeus, spindle, european spindle, common spindle, tree, fruit, red, branch, bush, shrub, plant Public Domain The leaves are shiny and slightly waxy, and have tiny sharp teeth along the edges. Unique little orange and pink . 01588906. Spindle-tree, spindle tree, European spindle tree, European euonymus, common spindle tree. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! The poison includes several glycosides: evobioside, evomonoside, evonoside. The wood is used for pegs and spindles, and several varieties of the spindle tree are grown as … Common Name: European spindletree Family Name : Celastraceae - Bittersweet family Native Range: Eurasia NJ Status: Emerging Stage 1 – Rare (may be locally common). euonymus europaeus. leaf. Our communities. Our trees. Stop by, email, or call. 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