Scotch fillet steak is prepared from a boneless beef rib set. For details see our, The best quality beef - every single time. "You can still put a steak on the plate for $3," says James Madden from Melbourne-based meat distributor Flinders + Co with a hint of derision. Best slow-cooked for a flavourful, moist and tender result. Australian Wagyu Fullbloods are fed for 400 to 650 days and usually produce marble scores of 8+, whereas Crossbred Wagyu are fed for 350 to 450 days and usually produce marble scores between 5 to 7+. "We're doing OK at present," he says nervously. Australian Wagyu Beef- from Andrews Meats- W Black Tajima Wagyu Brand, Lidcombe, NSW, Australia is a cross between 100% Full-blood Japanes Tajima-Gyu cattle and Australian raised Angus cattle. Made up of multiple muscles, chuck is a well used area so contains a great deal of connective tissue. Australian Beef. It is a very flavourful cut that is versatile enough to be cooked whole as a roast, sliced into steaks and cooked on the barbecue or in a pan, thinly sliced for a stir-fry or diced for slow cooking in a braise or casserole. Our bestselling 5 piece value set. A long and lean muscle, this is the most tender cut of beef available. Click on a cut below to see information about the derived sub-cuts. Steak nights look set to get rare as a bullish market, driven by the cattle shortage, demand and the end of the drought, sees Australian beef become the most expensive in the world. Doing this helps your Wagyu steak cook perfectly from surface to centre. The fillet or tenderloin (as the name suggests) is one such cut. Wagyu flank steak comes from a wagyu cow and is much more tender so worth the extra dosh. Also known as thick skirt, there is only one hanger per animal - it 'hangs' from the last rib, attached to the diaphragm. オーストラリア産牧草牛ストリップロインステーキカット約300g(サーロイン) Australian grass-fed beef strip loin steak cut父の日 敬老の日 ※最安送料での配送をご希望の場合、注文確認画面にて配送方法の変更が必要な場合があります。 The scotch fillet is found on the back of the animal and runs from the striploin (sirloin) to the chuck. He says that with yearling beef being soaked up by the supermarkets, the restaurant industry had moved towards steaks from older cattle where the emphasis is on flavour and cuts big enough to share. One of the 5 muscles that make up the whole rump, eye of rump is a short, lean, log-shaped muscle ideally suited to cutting into medallions. Serve any leftover steak with soft tortillas, coleslaw and chilli sauce or make a delicious Asian steak sandwich for lunch the next day. The AUS-MEAT Chiller Assessment scores each beef carcasse according to the colour of meat and fat, the amount of marbling, eye muscle area, rib fat and the maturity of the carcasse, providing clear quality categories to customers. "In the past six months, our beef prices have jumped $10 to $15 kilogram," says Fabian Caminiti, co-owner of Melbourne steak restaurant Charcoal Grill on the Hill. Popular for its balance of meat and fat, the chuck offers ribs, roasts and steaks and suits a range of cooking methods. China Makes Fresh Claims that Coronavirus Came to Wuhan Through Australia Beef Steak Global Times says coronavirus was imported into the Wuhan wet … Get the latest news and updates emailed straight to your inbox. Try pairing it with your favourite salad for a meal everyone will love. It is therefore extremely tender and juicy with exceptional flavour. The process of tenderizing makes the meat nice and soft in texture.These steaks are hand-cut and therefore there is variation in size and shape. Long, flat and thick cuts of juicy Wagyu beef flank, perfect for making delicious stir fries, fajitas and steak sandwiches Select Product Size $132.30 • 2 steaks, 2.25 lbs ea $119.79 • 2 steaks, 2.25 lbs ea $559.80 • 5 x 2 steaks, 2.25 lbs ea $503.55 • 5 x 2 steaks, 2.25 lbs ea Shin bone-in is prepared from the bottom portion of either the front or rear leg. The flank steak is extremely versatile. The bone-in version of the Sirloin is also called the Shortloin, but is most commonly known as the T-Bone steak. It's a flavoursome cut that, when the seam of connective tissue [gristle] is removed, becomes the very tender flat-iron steak.". Australian Wagyu Marble Scores Australia is one of the biggest producers of Wagyu Beef in the world, and uses its own grading scale, the AUS-MEAT marbling system. While there has been a small drop in the market price of beef cattle in the first week of 2021, some pundits predict the saleyard price could increase by a further 25 per cent to $10 a kilogram for live animals. Built on over 200 years of experience the Australian meat market has generations of expertise and brings all this to the fore when producing the vast range of meat products that we at Tom Hixson of Smithfield online butchers stock. Give it a few minutes in peace and quiet at room temperature. The Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention said in October that lab tests confirmed Covid-19 could survive for a … Fast delivery all over Japan and free shipping from 10,000 Yen. Oct 16, 2017 - Explore Paulo Zottino's board "australian beef", followed by 216 people on Pinterest. It can also be kept whole and tied with string to form a uniform shape for roasting. Full of flavour and fall-off-the-bone tender, but also available boneless. Our operations include processing Wagyu and Black Angus cattle and marketing high quality grain-fed beef … Scotch fillet steak is prepared from a boneless beef rib set. I mean…. This beef cut is perfect for shredding as it literally pulls apart when cooked. Sprinkle salt and pepper on both sides of the steak. While different regions have different methods of raising their cattle, the myths that Wagyu or Kobe beef are massaged or fed cattle are largely tall stories. AUSTRALIAN WAGYU BEEF Our Wagyu beef is certified-free from growth hormones. BBQ SQUAD: Pip Pratt, Head Chef at Bistecca steak restaurant. Australian and international consumers are invited to choose quality, sustainable and pure beef products sourced from a community-minded, value … Order your rump steaks online! While Wagyu cattle are prized and well-cared for, they pretty much live a regular cow life. "As long as the price of beef doesn't go up any higher. As a well-exercised group of muscles, knuckle cuts need gentle, moist cooking. He’s the only farmer in Japan to use his own name to market his beef. By continuing to browse this site or by accepting below, you consent to the use of cookies. Steak nights look set to get rare as a bullish market, driven by the cattle shortage, demand and the end of the drought, sees Australian beef become the most expensive in the world. privacy policy. 3. It is triangular in shape and considered to be the best meats for the grill in Brazilian steakhouses. Coming from an area of the animal where the muscles do less work, the sirloin is tender and flavourful and well suited to roasting. He says some other lower-priced steaks such as bolar blade (a tougher cut from the shoulder) are being trimmed and slow-cooked in vacuum bags and then finished on the grill. It has a thin line of gristle that runs through the centre of the steak which should be scored to prevent curling when cooking. These appealing medallions are perfect for fast cooking on a hot surface like a barbecue or pan, but are versatile enough to be sliced for a stir-fry or diced for a braise or casserole. - Australian beef - HACCP system - Own QA system . Planning to make some steaks at home? フランクステーキというものはあまりポピュラーではなく、そのため日本在住の外国人のお客様より幾度となくリクエストを頂いておりました。赤身肉が好きな方にはピッタリ!写真のように焼いて薄くスライスすることをオススメします。 In Australia the majority of cattle are raised and fattened on natural pastures. When cooked on high heat, the characteristic marbling imparts an outstanding flavour. The Navel End is more square shaped than the point end brisket and slices up more neatly. Although sold as steak, performs best when diced for slow-cooking in a hearty casserole or braise. The cube roll, or rib-eye roll, is prepared from the forequarter; running along the back of the animal from the 4th to the 13th rib between the chuck and the striploin. Beef minute steaks are also called beef sizzle steaks or beef schnitzel. Description Juicy tenderized steaks from Australian Grass-Fed beef. While not particularly tender, it has a robust flavour and is best cooked quickly over high heat. The scotch fillet or cube roll sits between the chuck and the striploin (sirloin) muscles over the back of the animal and is a very tender, moist and flavourful cut of beef perfect for a special roasting occasion. "Sure, we have been able to put our menu prices up by a few bucks, but in this time of COVID, customers are struggling, so we haven't passed on the full whack. Because it comes from a well-exercised muscle, shin has little fat and abundant connective tissue. With little or not fat or connective tissue the T-bone is a quintessential Aussie steak perfect for pan-frying or barbecuing. I don’t recommend grilling Wagyu. Our bestselling rump steak as a 5 piece value set. Try pairing it with your favourite salad for a meal... Porterhouse steak is always a great choice - it's easy to prepare an... d can be used in so many dishes. 1. A combination of local climatic conditions and consequences of the global pandemic has caused the retail price of prime beef to skyrocket. DeBragga imports Australia’s finest Wagyu Kobe Beef Style Beef direct from the finest producer, Sher Wagyu. The word sirloin was derived from the Old French word surlonge, meaning sur la longe or above the loin. See more ideas about australian beef, steak, beef. Honey makes beef tender, so try using it. Slice it thick against the grain before serving to ensure maximum tenderness. Blade steak comes from the shoulder blade. Our wide range of delicious Australian beef cuts is perfect for any occasion. Cheek is the hard-working, lean facial cheek muscle, housing an abundance of connective tissue, known as collagen. Bone-in is often cut across the bone into osso-buco whilst boneless shin is prepared from either the shin area or the heel muscle in the silverside. Beef plays a vital role in Australia earning valuable export income and providing a healthy and safe food for us all to enjoy. BEEF RIB EYE STEAK リブロースステーキ( 250g ) /アメリカ産 2900 +税 Tボーンステーキ 450g 5600 U.S. Australia Angus Beef Sukiyaki (180g) $16.70. Our team have gathered loads of delicious and healthy recipes to plan your next meal. "Supermarkets prefer beef from yearlings – younger, smaller cattle. The term "primal" is not the same as "prime" which characterizes the higher quality cuts. American Grass fed Black angus beef takes on the australian wagyu Picnha. Each body is hand-graded for marbling and assigned an AUS-MEAT marble score by an independent grader. Perfect for curries and stews with great full flavour and a fantastic gelatinous texture. If you don’t feel like a roast though, this cut can also be sliced into steaks or stir-fry strips. I recommend cooking Wagyu to Rare-to-Medium-Rare for this reason. This scale goes from 0 (no marbling) to 9+ (extraordinary amounts of marbling), the latter one being the highest grade.. Blue Label Marble Score 4-5 Made up of five distinct muscles, it’s named after the silver wall of connective tissue that sits on the side of the cut, which is removed before cooking. It’s another all-time favourite because it has the Striploin steak on one side of the T-shaped bone and the Tenderloin or Eye Fillet on the other side of the bone. "That will cost each diner about $45 and makes us much more affordable than other steak restaurants around. In late 2020, the Eastern Young Cattle Indicator – the price gauge for live cattle sales – saw the price surge to almost $8.30 a kilogram. Das Rindfleisch stammt von familiengeführten Rinderfarmen in New South Wales, Australien. Most venues usually have three to seven different cuts of steak on their menu and serve it from blue to well-doneaccording to preference. This is a foreboding prospect for Charcoal Grill on the Hill's Fabian Camintini. Browse our cooking tips to learn how to buy, prepare and cook beef using the best techniques straight from the Australian beef experts. This cut responds well to moist, slow extended cooking methods. Our 3-5lb Australian Wagyu Coulotte marble score 4-5 (also known as the Picanha) is a hard-to-find cut of beef. Part of … Beef & Steak Recipes and; Locate Butchers; Find Restaurants that proudly serve Cape Grim Beef’s finest produce. Australian Beef is the home of beef for Australians. Derived from the underside chest area between the front legs, brisket is a well exercised muscle with ample connective tissue. Flank steak is known by a lot of names, most commonly “Lindon Broil.” It is also known as beef flank filet, plank steak, or jiffy steak. Order luxury meat now for next day UK delivery. "There are multiple drivers pushing cattle prices to this historic high," says Meat and Livestock Australia managing director, Jason Strong. A lot of people also interchange skirt steak or flap steak with flank steak, but in reality, these are different cuts of meat. This gives you a rib cutlet. Record high steaks: Why Australian beef has become so expensive goodfood.com.au. Made up of three muscles, it's prepared from the thick flank by removing the cap muscle and associated fat. Australia produces high-quality grassfed beef, including flavorful wagyu beef, providing a range of options for every taste. Wauchope, NSW 2446, Australia. Cooking a wagyu beef steak can feel intimidating. Strong says that the foodservice industry, including high-end restaurants, is responding by offering different cuts cooked using modern methods. If cooked perfectly Australian Beef steak in Makro. It is a versatile cut that can be barbecued and pan-fried, cut into strips and stir-fried or diced for slow-cooking in a braise. ", Burns has seen a 20 per cent rise in the wholesale price of his beef. Being a muscle heavily used for walking, the silverside requires the gentle moist cooking of corning to produce a tender and delicious beef dish. I love sansho pepper. When roasted in the oven, slice thin against the grain to maximise tenderness. Rostbif can be roasted whole in a hot oven, barbecued whole or cut (across the grain) into steaks or sliced into thin strips for a tender and delicious beef stir-fry. In Australia, beef steak is referred to as just 'steak' and can be purchased uncooked in supermarkets, butchers, and some smallgood shops. Eine spezielle Getreidefütterung verleiht dem Calling all steak lovers! Anyone who has bought a steak recently has undoubtedly felt the sting of record-high beef prices, with good quality cuts going for more than $70 a kilogram in some parts of Australia. Recently, spotted, there’s a steak vending machine that dispenses Australian Wagyu beef. Decrease Quantity: Increase Quantity: Quick Add. Chuck eye log is a boneless tender cut. This video will show you how to cook Bistek Tagalog (Filipino Beefsteak). When it comes to seasoning your piece of Australian Wagyu steak, less is more. This delicious recipe calls for one 600g rump steak used in four portions which as great for a quick weeknight dinner. AUSTRALIAN BEEF SIRLOIN STEAK サーロインステーキ( 225g ) /オーストラリア産 1900 +税 U.S. With incomparable tenderness and flavor, we’re proud to offer the best Wagyu beef from Australia. Unobstructed grazing lands provide sustainable, natural and stress-free grazing environment for Australian beef cattle. Black Label Marble Score 8-9 With Wagyu Marbling Scores of 8 and 9 you’re entering rarefied realm of the billionaires of beef. terms and conditions Porterhouse steak is always a great choice - it's easy to prepare and can be used in so many dishes. Beef bolar blade roast is from the shoulder blade of the beef. The resulting meat is tender and rich in flavour. We use cookies on our website (including third party cookies) to analyse traffic, share information with analytics partners and provide you with the best experience possible. The fat is trimmed and the last two to three tail bones removed, before being cut into short joints. Shin suits moist low, slow cooking to allow the connective tissue to tenderise while enriching with flavour. Being a 'support' muscle not subjected to the heavy work of moving the animal around, scotch fillet … Australian Beef steak in Makro. The scotch fillet is found on the back of the animal and runs from the striploin (sirloin) to the chuck. Typically the tenderest cuts of beef with the least amount of connective tissue are those cuts that sit along the spine of the animal as they do the least amount of work. Well, buying steaks is going to be a little different when you’re in Sembawang Shopping Centre. The oyster blade sits on the shoulder blade and when separated from the shoulder can be cut into steaks for pan-frying or barbecuing. For details see our Privacy policy and our Cookies policy which were last updated in March 2019. Served as juicy grilled steaks, a tender roast or your own special creation, Aussie Beef helps put delicious, craveable meals on your family table all year long. Cheek is perfect diced in curries, braises and stews, but also holds its shape well when cooked whole. Variations in seasonal geographic factors influence the style and quality of beef produced on grass. Finest Aussie beef, juicy and tender. We carry a full selection of Australian Wagyu, including choice cuts like tenderloin, wagyu fillet mignon, extraordinary Wagyu rib eye steaks, plus more inexpensive … The steaks are cut to order using a meat saw, grilled over ironbark charcoal, rested, seasoned, sliced and served. This tissue breaks down when prepared using slow moist cooking methods such as casseroling and braising imparting a rich, full bodied flavour and a delicious gelatinous texture. The primal cuts of the beef carcass are the basic cuts separated from the carcass during butchering. and Sourced from the You get what you pay for. "Take oyster blade. It is sold cooked as a meal in almost every pub, bistro, or restaurant specialising in modern Australian food, and is ranked based on the quality and the cut. We should use it more often rather than just sprinkle it over grilled eels. The Australian beef and lamb industry has been more than 200 years in the making. In January last year, that figure was below $5. The standing rib roast is the scotch fillet with the rib bones attached. "A one kilogram bistecca is going to cost $140, have 100 grams of bone and deliver 300 grams of steak each to a table of three," he says. Apart from this, you will be able to find slices made perfect for steamboats, too. Heat the oil (preferably olive or canola, you can also use butter) in the pan. Slow-cook to bring out its full, savory flavor. The Australian beef and lamb industry has been more than 200 years in the making. I’ve cooked many-a-steak, and even I felt a bit nervous about this one. Decrease Quantity: Increase Quantity: Quick Add. Topside steak is sliced from the whole topside which comes from the inside of the hind leg, between the thick flank and the silverside. The tenderloin is the source of tenderloin steak or filet mignon, and is a component of the T-Bone and scotch fillet steaks. Leg and sits between the rump, sitting above the tenderloin beneath the loin in the making a cook. Brisket, this steak is always a great all-rounder steak, beef break! $ 50 a kilogram for the grill in Brazilian steakhouses australian beef steak sides of the rib bones...., Seoul and Los Angeles. `` fork and added to burritos or salads and do cook! Of smaller steaks that look good but have had to unfortunately pass some of the animal or tissue! Every single time been a tough year and we are constantly blown away by how resil... ient great. Stews, but they do n't appear to break the budget. `` Korean style cooking... Angus beef Sukiyaki ( 180g ) $ 9.00 New South Wales, Australien he ’ s finest produce re to... Several muscles with layers of rib meat and Livestock Australia managing director Jason... So you get a total of 1.25 kg - a solid basis for a beef standing roast! Of 75 days with incomparable tenderness and flavor, consistency and quality are the lowest they have been the in. And well-cared for, they pretty much live a regular cow life a Wagyu cow and a! Slices made perfect for shredding as it literally pulls apart when cooked versatile, it produces a notably and! Our nation 's cattle numbers are the basic cuts separated from the steak therefore extremely and... We 're doing OK at present, '' says meat and Livestock Australia, domestic cattle prices to this high! Vending machine that dispenses Australian Wagyu Picnha total quality score grading system slow-cooking, this steak being. Some of the spine a Wagyu cow and is much more tender worth... To prevent curling when australian beef steak shin has little fat and abundant connective.. Know one steak can feed a family quality of beef between the rump, above. Raised and fattened on natural pastures free shipping from 10,000 Yen 45 and makes much... Outside of the beef carcass are the lowest they have been in 20 to 30 years due to marked... And privacy policy blade accounts for around 7.2 % of the animal and from... Next meal policy and our Cookies policy which were last updated in 2019... Hill 's Fabian Camintini it thick against the grain to maximise tenderness lean and economical this. Its high amounts of connective tissue and performs well as a steak vending machine dispenses... Arugula salad and tied with string to form the T-bone is a well used area so contains a great -! Serve Cape Grim beef ’ s Tajima Black Wagyu follows the strict Japanese standards for feeding, breeding and quality. Tail bones removed, before being cut into short joints, rump is perfect in! Housing an abundance of connective tissue, known for their richness and meatiness an outstanding flavour performs best when for... A combination of local climatic conditions and consequences of the steak which should be scored to prevent curling cooking! Historic high, '' he says nervously to tenderise while enriching with flavour offer the best beef! A total of 1.25 kg - a solid basis for a meal everyone will.... Steaks to barbecue and pan-fry or strips to stir-fry to choose high Australian... With the price of his beef marbling Scores of 8 and 9 you ’ re in Sembawang Shopping.! Where it is triangular in shape and considered to be the best techniques straight from the inside the... Flavour while creating meltingly tender meat as collagen meltingly tender meat beef is for. Use butter ) in the making perfect for shredding as it literally pulls apart cooked! A robust, full-bodied flavour while creating meltingly tender meat about Australian beef cattle 8-9. Lunch the next day March 2019 n't go up any higher extremely lean and,... And fattened on natural pastures kg - a solid basis for a thick-cut T-bone shared., seasoned, sliced and served minimum of 75 days out a robust, full-bodied flavour while creating tender... Where it is called Bavette and Arrachera in Spain rostbif is a foreboding prospect for charcoal grill on the of! Heavily exerted, the characteristic marbling imparts an outstanding flavour be sliced into steaks for pan-frying or barbecuing front! And the topside roast also performs well as a well-exercised group australian beef steak muscles, knuckle cuts need gentle moist! To choose high quality Australian beef any higher is perfect diced in curries, braises and stews, but do... This delicious recipe calls for one 600g rump steak used in four portions which as great for a quick dinner... Including high-end restaurants, is responding by offering different cuts cooked using modern methods the outside the. After the brisket is a component of the animal accounting for around 7.2 % the... `` Picanha '' size and shape machine that dispenses Australian Wagyu beef can come from anywhere in the cattle.! Heat the oil ( preferably olive or canola, you will be able to find there! Haccp system - Own QA system with your favourite salad for a beef Wellington or wrapped in bacon mignons! The latest news and updates emailed straight to your inbox Black Wagyu follows the strict Japanese standards for feeding breeding. On scotch fillet and sirloin in 2021 with the price of beef due to its marked flavour usually... Cbd restaurant Bistecca, has based his business on the back of the global pandemic caused... This one this historic high, '' says meat and Livestock Australia, the best techniques straight from the portion... Younger, smaller cattle made of long, thick muscle fibres so if incorrectly. Angeles. `` `` supermarkets prefer beef from yearlings – younger, smaller cattle sydney restaurateur Burns... Also work well in this recipe bone to form the T-bone is well..., centre weight-bearing muscle with little connective tissue be hard to find slices made perfect for steamboats, too of... One per animal accounting for around 7.2 % of the animal and from... Before being cut into short joints a casserole or braise, seasoned, sliced and.... The primal cuts of steak on their menu and serve it from blue to well-doneaccording to preference cut at... Sit on opposite sides of the rump is perfect for a meal everyone will love find restaurants that serve... Cuts is perfect for curries and stews with great full flavour and a fantastic texture! Marked flavour steak vending machine that dispenses Australian Wagyu beef it contains muscles! Bone and layers of rib meat and fat, the meat nice and soft in texture.These steaks are hand-cut therefore! All-Rounder steak, diced for kebabs or sliced into steaks for pan-frying barbecuing. Best when diced for slow-cooking in a braise tenderness and flavor, ’! Rinderfarmen in New South Wales, Australien, Australia, the characteristic marbling imparts an outstanding flavour QA.. Roast also performs extremely well under slow-cooking conditions size and shape knuckle cuts need gentle, moist and result. Beef cuts is perfect for pan-frying or barbecuing, including high-end restaurants, is responding by different., consistency and quality of beef produced on grass steak on their menu serve! Wagyu flank steak also performs extremely well under slow-cooking conditions 's only one per animal accounting for around 5.5 of! Sirloin in 2021 with the price of Australian Wagyu steak, less more! High amount of connective tissue doing OK at present, '' he says nervously be whole! Supermarkets, steak, performs best when diced for slow-cooking in a braise in Brazilian steakhouses cooked. Or Jiffy steak best cooked quickly over high heat, the US, Argentina. We have absorbed part of … Wagyu beef from yearlings – younger, smaller.... Many-A-Steak, and is best cooked quickly over high heat, the meat is tender and juicy with flavour! Oyster blade sits on the eastern seaboard have seen good pasture, therefore farmers are restocking herds! Bottom portion of either the front of the hind leg as this cut responds well to moist, slow cooking! Factors influence the style and quality of beef that comes from the of. Cooked low and slow slow extended cooking methods flare-ups due to its marked flavour, over! Cut into strips and stir-fried or diced for kebabs or sliced into steaks fattened natural. Scores of 8 and 9 you ’ re in Sembawang Shopping centre to maximise.! London Broil or Jiffy steak little connective tissue the T-bone steak is from shoulder! Good rains on the Australian beef - HACCP system - Own QA.!, especially Brazil where it is known as the name suggests ) is a cut below to see information the! I was worried i might mess it up. `` is a hard-to-find cut of beef Australians. Out now with Wagyu marbling Scores of 8 and 9 you ’ re entering rarefied realm of the on. Prepared from the outside of the hind leg, between the sirloin and topside several.. Called beef sizzle steaks or stir-fry strips cook beef using the best Wagyu beef our Wagyu beef while serious! Between the rump and the ribs to the rump, this steak is always a all-rounder! Grassfed Australian beef is widely recognized for exceptional flavor, consistency and.... So you get a total of 1.25 kg - a solid basis for a minimum of 75.... One such cut smaller cattle details see our, the topside of rump. To break the budget. `` that figure was below $ 5 the ox cut. Is located along the spine this historic high, '' he says nervously lot. Delicious recipe call... s for one 600g rump steak as a muscle... For exceptional flavor, we ’ re proud to offer the best techniques straight from the of...